Rum has a lot of relatives in the world, some are closely related and others not. Some are more or less pirate copies with the only thing making it a rum is that someone somewhere decided to put the word “rum” on the label. I have been pretty inclusive in this book and leave it up to the reader to decide where she or he wants to draw the line. That being said and considering the size of this work most of my initial work will be directed at what I consider to be proper rums.
Arrack, Indonesian spirit that is similar to rum but includes rice in it's production.
Aguardiente is a strong alcoholic drink that might be made from a sugar cane basis
Aguardiente de caña is a strong alcoholic drink made from a sugar cane basis
Altissima, Swedish “rum” made from sugar beets.
In Brazil, a beverage known as cachaça or pinga, considered distinct from traditional aguardiente, is made from sugarcane. Cachaça, like rum, has two varieties: unaged (white) and aged (gold). White cachaça is usually bottled immediately after distillation and tends to be cheaper. It is often used to prepare caipirinha and other beverages in which cachaça is an ingredient. Dark cachaça, usually seen as the "premium" variety, is aged in wood barrels, and is meant to be drunk pure. Traditionally, no herbs are used to flavour the cachaça, and its flavour is influenced by the fermentation agent, time spent in the cask, or type of wood from which the barrel is made.
On 14 November 1996, it was concluded in analysis that cane aguardiente and cachaça are similar, but distinct, products. Cane aguardiente was thereafter defined in Brazil as an alcoholic beverage of between 38% and 54% alcohol by volume, obtained by simple fermentation and distillation of sugarcane that has already been used in the sugar-production process, and which has distinct flavour similar to rum. Cachaça, on the other hand, is an alcoholic beverage of between 38% and 48% alcohol by volume, obtained by fermentation and distillation of sugarcane juice which may have added sugar up to 6 g/L.
Čajni is a Croatian Inländer Rum.
Cane Juice In West Africa, and particularly in Liberia, 'cane juice' (also known as Liberian rum or simply CJ within Liberia itself) is a cheap, strong spirit distilled from sugarcane, which can be as strong as 43% ABV [86 proof].
Charanda is an alcoholic liquor derived from sugar cane, similar to rum. Typically the drink is associated with the state of Michoacán in Mexico, in particular the Tarascan-populated areas in the vicinity of Uruapan. The flavor is a buttery sweet, similar to vanilla and is usually served at room temperature. This liquor has been around for hundreds of years before the conquest by the Spanish, which is one of the reasons the Tarascan named it Charanda in their native language, as opposed to rum (sugar cane comes from Asia). Charanda Urauapn Blanco and Charanda El Tarasco Reposado was first imported into the US in 1996 by California Wine & Spirits Company. The California based importer founder, Mark Howard distributed in California and Illinois. Charanda is now being imorted and distributed by California based company OAG Liquor Importers, Inc. in Carlsbad, Ca. The founders of OAG Liquor Importers are Octavio Corona, Art Paclibar and Gustavo De La Cruz. Charanda comes in many brands just like any other distilled spirit. Some of the most popular to name a few and currently imported to the United States are Charanda Tres Extra Reposado, Charanda Tarasco Blanco, Charanda Tarasco Reposado, Charanda Tarasco Añejo, and Charanda Uruapan Blanco.
Clairin In Haiti, a beverage known as kleren or clairin (French spelling) is made from sugarcane. Kleren is clear, but it is often combined with fruits or roots to create something called "tranpe."
Domači is a Croatian Inländer Rum.
Grogue also known as Grogu or Grogo (derived from English grog) comes from Cap Verde and is an aguardente made from sugarcane. Santo Antão has for decades been the home of the best Cape Verdean rhum. Its production is fundamentally artisanal, and nearly all the sugarcane is used in the production of grogue. The cane is processed in a press known as a trapiche. When the sugar cane is harvested, the juice is extracted in the trapiche, and left to ferment for 8-9 days. Then it is distilled in the "lambique". Unfortunately, much grogo today is made from imported, refined, sugar instead of sugar cane, and this clearly reduces its quality. In addition to pure grog, people drink pontche
(grogo sweetened with sugarcane molasses and condensed milk) and a variety of liqueurs made from tangerines, coconut, coffee, peppermint or other herbs.
Guaro is a liquor made in many places in South and Central America. A clear liquid distilled from sugar cane juices, it has a slightly sweeter taste than comparable liquors. Guaro is a popular alcoholic drink in Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras and Guatemala, although in many places the word "guaro" can refer to almost any liquor. The name "Guaro" came from Central America. Colombians call it Aguardiente. Sometimes guaro is referred to as a "soft vodka" because it has a lower alcohol content than vodka.
Guaro (Colombia) In Colombia aguardiente known as guaro,is an anise-flavoured liqueur derived from sugarcane, popular in the Andean region. Each department of Colombia holds the rights to produce it, but aguardiente produced in one region can be sold in another. By adding different amounts of aniseed, different flavours are obtained, leading to extensive marketing and fierce competition between brands. Aguardiente has 24%–29% alcohol content. Other anise-flavoured liqueurs similar to aguardiente, but with a lower alcohol content, are also sold. Aguardiente has maintained, since the Spanish era, the status of the most popular alcoholic beverage in the Andean regions of Colombia, with the notable exception of the Caribbean region, where rum is most popular. In general, aguardiente is rarely drunk in cocktails, and usually drunk neat.
Guaro (Costa Rica) In Costa Rica, aguardiente is known as guaro. In this form it has 30% alcohol and has a neutral flavour. Guaro is tightly controlled by the Costa Rican government to help prevent clandestine production. The government nationalized its manufacture in an effort to quell the clandestine production of liquor. The Fabrica Nacional de Licores (National Liquor Factory) was founded for this reason, and currently produces the only legal brand, Cacique Guaro. Clandestine liquor production is still prevalent, but it is seen more as a tradition than a business as it would be difficult to compete with the nationally produced guaro. The illegal version of the product is often called Guaro de contrabando ("smuggled guaro") and is produced by various methods, all through distillation, but with different base ingredients, typically fruits or sweets from other sources, molasses from sugarcane or simply sugar.
Hajos is a Hungarian type of Inländer rum.
Inländer Rum is a spiced rum that is produced in Austria by mixing ethyl alcohol, water and flavourings. It was originally made due to the lack of colonies making sugar cane hard to get in sufficient quantities. Since January 1 1999 the alcohol base must be from sugar cane according to a EU directive
Rum Verschnitt is a German blend of neutral alcohol with heavy dark high ester rums most often from Jamaica. It was done for tax reasons since there was heavy customs duties to be paid for imported spirits.
Seco from Panama, is also a spirit similar to rum, but also similar to vodka since it is triple distilled.
Tafia is a kind of cheap rum made from sugarcane juice. It is normally not aged.
Tea-rum is a Hungarian Inländer Rum.
Tuzemak from the Czech Republic, formerly called Tuzemský rum (English translation: domestic rum) is a term for a traditional Czech alcoholic beverage. It is a substitute for true rum. Tuzemský rum is produced from potatoes or sugar beets, diluted and flavoured by rum essences. EU regulations allow the name "rum" to be applied only to products made from sugar cane. As a result, from 1 January 2003, this product is sold under other names like "Tuzemák" or "Tuzemský".
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